Pest Control Using the Sources of Nature
Another alternative measure to pest control is the organic or natural pest control, instead of using chemical pesticides, which is proven to be less expensive, effective, and safe for your family, your pets, your garden, and your environment. The methods applied for natural pest control are: pulling out any weak plants; building healthy, organic soil; using seaweed mulch or spray; minimize insect habitat; inter-planting and rotating crops; and keeping foliage dry, such that all these methods are aimed at discouraging harmful insects from invading the garden and the field crops.
Pulling out the weak plants in your garden and in your crops should first be done, since they may already be infected or they may attract predators, so pull them out and dispose of them.
When you apply composting methods or use the mulching process and top-dressing the soil with natural fertilizer or compost, this approach can help grow strong plants that can resist the invasion of harmful insects.
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Because of the rich contents of elements in seaweeds, like iron, zinc, barium, calcium, sulfur and magnesium, such that when seaweeds are used to fertilize plants, they promote the healthy development of plants making them able to withstand diseases and infection of insects and slugs, and seaweed fertilizer in mulch or spray form can give plants the strength to resist diseases caused by insect infection.
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Make the habit of pulling the weeds and clearing the garden of debris, which can become breeding places for insects and followed by using clean mulch.
Insect pests are found to be plant specific, and due to this natural tendency, an effective natural pest control is apply the methods of inter-planting the plants or crops or rotating the planting of crops each year; in this manner, this method helps avoid the re-infestation of pests.
Water plants and crops at an early time schedule since a wet foliage encourages insect and fungal damage to the plants, in fact there are other approaches to avoid wetting the foliage and this is through drip-irrigation, which is delivering water to the root systems of plants.
When you’re using your garden tools with infested plants, disinfect them afterwards to reduce the speed of invading insects.
By using beneficial insects to prey on harmful insects and their larvae, this can be also an effective way to applying natural pest control, and these insects are: wasps, ladybugs, lacewings, hover-flies, praying mantis, and nematodes.
Wasps are attracted to plants, like carrots, celery, parsley, caraway and Queen Anne’s lace and when they get to visit these plants, they destroy the leaf-eating caterpillars, and since these plants are easy to grow, some should be left for these wasps.
Ladybugs are attracted to daisies, tansy or yarrow, which when these insects come around, they eat any existing aphids, mites, whiteflies and scale that are present in the garden.