A dog is a type of domesticated carnivorous mammal that characteristically has a long nose, with a strong sense of smell, and a barking voice. Moreover, the first domesticated animal in the animal species are dogs, and have been reared by humans for quite a long period. Despite the variation in dogs in terms of shapes, size and color, dogs perform seemingly the same roles, including providing security, pulling loads, hunting and herding. Dogs also perform duties which some seem impossible. Some these duties include, providing military companionship, assisting the physically disabled people as well as offering therapeutic duties. The most common types of dogs include, guard dogs, working dogs, hunting dogs, companion dogs, and herding dogs.
In the event that one owns a dog, it is advisable that he/she teach the dog the basic commands of dog training, these are sit, come, down, stay, and leave it command . For instance the sit command is considered to be the easiest dog respect commands to teach, therefore, it is essential, to begin with. The steps involved in training a dog how to sit include, holding a dog`s meal close to its nose, then move the hand upward and allowing the dog`s head to follow the food, making its back to move downwards, once the dog is in a sitting position, the instructor needs to say sit. Siting command should not only be implemented when the dog is about to take a meal, but also when leaving for walks, and during situations that the owner would like the dog to calm and seated.
Moreover, when one wants to train a dog the down command, they need to follow the following steps, these include looking for a good smelling food and holding it tight in their hand closer to the dog`s nose to ensure that the dog sniffs it, then one needs to move their hand to the floor so that the dog follow, once the dog`s` head is on the floor, one needs to slide their hand along the ground in front of the dog so as to encourage the dog`s` body to move forward and follow its head, once the dog is in a down position, the owner need to say down and the give the dog the food.
Once a dog has learned the down command, on need to train the dog the stay command, the steps involved include, asking the dog to sit, this is followed by opening palm of their hand in front of the dog and then say stay, then take a few steps back and give the dog food if it stays. It is believed that the leave it command protects a dog from harm that can be caused by the dog`s act of smelling substances that might harm him or her.